The garage door track is one part of your garage door that you do not want to fail. When the track is out of adjustment it can cause the garage door to not operate properly. In some extreme scenarios it is possible that the door can even come out of the track worsening your problems. There are a couple of ways by which you can align the track with the door itself so that the rollers will work correctly. First is to align the track with the door itself and second is adjusting the track so that the door becomes aligned with the weatherstripping.
Adjusting Garage Door Track to the Rollers
In this approach the garage door track is connected to the doorframe using metal clips. The track serves as a guide for the garage door rollers. Adjusting a garage door track may involve setting the track to its correct alignment for the rollers. The clips feature slots in them that allow for side-to-side adjustment. The rule to follow is to have about ½” to ¾” between the edge of the door and the track. This allows for some room for the rollers to move in and out of the sleeves. If the track is too close to the door, the door will bind. If it is too far off, the rollers could pull out of the sleeves.
When adjusting the garage door track, the door should be down. It is advisable to only loosen the track one at a time and never remove the lag bolts altogether. Only loosen the lag bolts that hold the track to the jamb and slide the bracket until the distance is right. It is possible to loosen more than one of the clips. Get the track where you need it and tighten the clips back down. Just make sure the lag bolts connected to the clips of the framing are tight enough. By adjusting the garage door track margins it can keep the track correctly aligned with the door itself. When it is lying on the ground the door determines where the tracks should be. You need the tracks to be parallel with the door and feature the same margin for the true height of the garage door.
You need to know that adjustments to the margins along the side of the door can be compared to adjusting it in and out. The brackets are clipped to the jamb with lag bolts. The hole in the bracket is also likewise slotted. This makes it possible for the bracket to move from side to side the length of the slot. A wrench is required to loosen the lag bolt. Once the lag bolt is loose you can adjust the bracket to the correct position. It may require the loosening of two brackets at a time if they are binding.
Proceed to adjust the brackets on both sides of the door until you have achieved stable garage door track margins. The ideal scenario is you would be able to appreciate around ½” to ¾” of the shaft.
Overhead Track Adjustment
In this section of the garage door there is only one adjustment point to consider. The overhead track needs to be the same distance away from the door as the wall track. Do not attempt to adjust the track with the door up. The brackets that hold up the track feature slots and additional holes in them. In this case, the end of the track will require to be moved so as to be adjusted.
Start by loosening the bolts or remove them entirely if a new hole needs to be used. Move the end of the track closer or farther from the door as required. Try not to move it very far each instance. If the track is too far off from the door, the door can fall. On the other hand, if it is too close the door will bind. The solution is to move the end of the track the minimum space necessary away from the door. Tighten the bolts as needed and cautiously try the door. For safety reasons, do not stand underneath it and watch carefully for binding or pulling away of the rollers.
Adjusting the overhead garage door track is akin to adjusting the tracks along the sides of the door. The only difference is that the track only has one place where you can adjust it. As long as the overhead garage door track is not damaged or bent, expect this to work fine.